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statics and strength of materials for architecture and building construction

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A primary aim of this book since its first publication in 1998 has been to develop and present basic structural concepts in an easily understood manner using “building” examples and illustrations to supplement the text. Much of this material has been “field tested,” revised, and modified over the course of 40 years of teaching, and it will continue to be modified in the future.

 There was a great temptation to add many new topical areas to this revision, but I decided to keep this book focused primarily on statics and strength of materials. 

Instead, small tweaks and additions were incorporated without trying to cover more material than is necessary in an introductory course. 

Introducing structural theory without relying on a predominantly mathematical treatment has been challenging, to say the least, and a noncalculus engineering alternative to the topic seemed to be essential. 

Early on, it was decided that a heavily illustrated, visual approach was necessary in connecting and linking structural theory to real buildings and structural components. 

Using examples and problems that are commonly found in buildings and structures around us appeared to be a logical way of introducing mathematically based material in a nonthreatening way. 

This text is organized along the lines of traditional textbooks on statics and strength of materials, because it seems to be a very logical, time-tested approach. A sound understanding of statics and strength of materials establishes a theoretical and scientific basis for understanding structural theory.

 Numerical calculations are included as a way of explaining and testing one’s understanding of the principles involved. Many fully worked example problems are also included, with additional problems for student practice at the end of each chapter and on the companion website. 

This text is intended as the next step following a basic introductory presentation of structural principles and systems. Organizationally, the book consists of two parts: 

statics in Chapters 2 through 4, and strength of materials covered in Chapters 5 through 10. A heavy emphasis is placed on the use of free-body diagrams in understanding the forces acting on a structural member.

 All problems begin with a pictorial representation of a structural component or assembly and are accompanied by a free-body diagram.

 Illustrations are used extensively to ensure that the student sees the connection between the real object and its abstraction. Chapter 1 introduces the student to the process of structural design.

 Loads and the basic functional requirements of a building are introduced along with the larger architectural issues of building design.

 This revision has expanded the discussion on loads and, in particular, wind and earthquake.

 Chapter 3 uses the principles discussed in Chapter 2 to solve an array of determinate structural frameworks.

 Load tracing in Chapter 4 illustrates the interaction of one member with other members and introduces the concept of load paths that develop in a building, with an attempt to examine the overall structural condition regarding gravity and lateral loads. 

Although not customarily covered in statics, load tracing was included to illustrate the power of the basic principle of mechanics and the use of free-body diagrams as studied in Chapters 2 and 3.

 A general introduction to lateral bracing strategies for multibay and multistory buildings is also included, but without any accompanying force calculations due to its complexity.

 Chapter 5 introduces the concepts of stress and strain and material properties as they relate to materials commonly used in the building industry. 

This text would be greatly complemented by students taking a course on the methods and materials of construction either concurrently or before the study of strength of materials.

 Cross-sectional properties are covered in Chapter 6, again with an emphasis on commonly used beam and column shapes. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 develop the basis for beam and column analysis and design.

 Elastic theory has been utilized throughout, and the allowable stress method has been employed for the design of beams and columns.

 Some simplifications have been introduced to beam and column design equations to eliminate the complexity unwarranted for preliminary design purposes.

 Sizing of beams and columns is well within the range of a final, closely engineered element sized by the more complex formulas.

 It is assumed that students will take subsequent courses in timber, steel, and concrete; therefore, building code equations and criteria have not been incorporated in this text.

 This edition includes a new Section 8.7, which introduces the student to the load resistance factor design (LRFD) method for designing steel members.

 No attempt was made to do an extensive treatment of the topic, but it is recommended that an interested student seek classes or other texts that deal exclusively with the subject of limit state design.